- Efficiency at Pasture
- Consequences of fetal and neonatal development including developmental programming
- Influences on growth, body and carcass composition, meat quality and skeletal muscle development
- Biology underpinning gene markers
- Livestock Phenomics
Paul Greenwood is a Senior Principal Research Scientist in the Beef Industry Unit within Agriculture NSW Livestock Systems, and an Adjunct Professor in the School of Environment and Rural Science at the University of New England.
Dr Greenwood has a joint appointment with CSIRO Agriculture Flagship where he leads a new, major research initiative on efficiency at pasture. This project area is focussed on the use of real-time sensors and wireless sensor networks to enhance efficiency and productivity at pasture. His work is also focused on development livestock phenomics facilities in commercial grazing environments to support the use of genetic and genomic enhanced selection programs, and improvements in the precision of livestock management including input data for prediction and simulation models.
Dr Greenwood has headed NSW DPIs research efforts on "Biological validation and gene expression underpinning gene discovery for beef yield and quality characteristics" and "Regulation of growth, carcass composition and beef quality" within the Australian Beef Cooperative Research Centres (Beef CRCs). His research team has undertaken extensive work on long-term consequences of fetal and neonatal growth and nutrition in ruminants, and he has contributed to research programs on temperament and stress in relation to productivity, efficiency and meat quality. His team also undertakes research on cellular development of muscle in meat producing species.
Dr Greenwood recently presented the McClymont Lecture of the Australian Society of Animal Production. He was a co-recipient of an Australian Research Council Eureka Prize for Research by an Interdisciplinary Team, within the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) Pathways Team for his research in the Beef CRCs. He was a member of the ARC/NH&MRC Research Network on Genes and Environment in Development, and was recently invited into the International College of Gravida. He is regularly invited to present his research on early-life development at international conferences and symposia.
Dr Greenwood has an international reputation for his research on regulation of growth and development of ruminants across all stages of growth from conception through to market, which has resulted in new management recommendations to the Australian beef industry.
- PhD (Cornell University)
- MScAgr (University of Sydney)
- BScAgr (University of Sydney)
- Efficiency at pasture: Development and application of real-time sensors, wireless sensor networks and livestock phenomics facilities for enhanced efficiency and productivity at pasture
- Biological validation and gene expression underpinning gene discovery for beef yield and quality characteristics
- Genetic, nutritional and other impacts on growth, body and carcass composition, meat quality and muscle development in meat producing species
Selected Recent Publications
Quigley SP, Greenwood PL, Kleemann DO, OwensJA, Bawden CS and Nattrass GS(2015) Myogenesis in small and large ovine fetuses at three stages of pregnancy. Animal Production Science55:207-212.
Greenwood PL and Bell AW (2014) Consequences of nutrition during gestation, and the challenge to better understand and enhance livestock productivity and efficiency in pastoral ecosystems. Animal Production Science54:1109-1118. [McClymont Lecture of the Australian Society of Animal Production]
Greenwood PL, Valencia P, Overs L, Paull DP and Purvis IW (2014) New ways of measuring intake, efficiency and behaviour of grazing livestock. Animal Production Science54:1796-1804.
Guo B, Kongsuwan K, Greenwood PL, Zhou G, Zhang W and Dalrymple BP. (2014) A gene expression estimator of intramuscular fat percentage for use in both cattle and sheep. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 5:35.
Li J, Greenwood PL, Cockett NE, Hadfield TS, Vuoculo T, Byrne K, White JD, Tellam RL and Schirra HJ. (2014) Impact of the Callipyge mutation on ovine plasma metabolites and muscle fibre types.PLoS ONE 9(6):e99726.
Coles CA, Wadeson J, Knight M, Cafe LM, Johns WH, Greenwood PL, White JD and McDonagh MB (2014) A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease (ADAM) 12 is type I myofibre specific in cattle. Journal of Animal Science 92:1473-1483.
Nattrass GS, Cafe LM, McIntyreBL, Gardner GE, McGilchrist P, Robinson DL, Wang YH, Pethick DW and Greenwood PL. (2014) A post-transcriptional mechanism regulates calpastatin expression in bovine skeletal muscle. Journal of Animal Science 92:443-455.
Al-Husseini W, Gondro C, Quinn K, Cafe LM, Herd RM, Gibson JP, GreenwoodPL and Chen Y (2014) Effects of hormonal growth implants on feed efficiency and expression of RFI-associated genes in beef cattle. Animal Production Science54:550-556.
Bell AW and Greenwood PL (2013) Optimising maternal cow, grower and finisher performance in beef production systems. pp. 51-72. In: Optimisation of Feed Use Efficiency in Ruminant Production Systems. Makkar HPS and Beever D (Editors). FAO Symposium 27 November 2012, Bangkok, Thailand. FAO Animal Production and Health Proceedings, No. 16. FAO, Rome and Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Sciences. [Invited Review]
Greenwood PL, Cafe LM, McIntyre BM, Geesink GH, Thompson JM, Polkinghorn R, Pethick DW and RobinsonDL (2013) Molecular value predictions: associations with beef quality, carcass, production, behaviour, carcass and efficiency phenotypes in Brahman cattle. Journal of Animal Science 91:5912-5925.
De Jager N, Hudson NJ,Reverter A, Barnard R, Cafe LM, Greenwood PL and Dalrymple BP (2013) Gene expression phenotypes for lipid metabolism and intramuscular fat in skeletal muscle of cattle. Journal of Animal Science 91:1112-1128.
Robinson DL, Cafe LM and Greenwood PL (2013) Developmental programming in cattle: Consequences for growth, efficiency, carcass, muscle and beef quality characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 91:1428-1442 [Invited Review]
Haynes FEM, Greenwood PL, McDonaghMB, McMahon CD, Nicholas GD, Berry CJ and OddyVH (2013) Lack of association between allelic status and myostatin content in lambs with the myostatin g+6723G>A allele.Journal of Animal Science 91:78-89.
Hudson NJ, Lyons RE, Reverter A, Greenwood PL and Dalrymple BP (2013) Inferring the in vivo cellular program of developing skeletal muscle from expression data. Gene Expression Patterns 13:109-125
Xiang R, Ghanipoor-Samami M., Johns WH, Eindorf T, Rutley DL, Kruk ZA, Fitzsimmons CJ, Thomsen DA,Roberts CT, Burns BM, Anderson GI, Greenwood PL and Hiendleder S (2013) Maternal and paternal genetics differentially affect myofibre characteristics and muscle weights of bovine fetuses at midgestation. PLoS ONE 8(1):e53402.
Stockman CA, McGilchrist P, Collins T, Barnes AL, Miller D, Wickham SL, Greenwood PL, Cafe LM, Blache D, Wemelsfelderd F and Fleming PA (2012) Qualitative behavioural assessment of Angus steers during pre-slaughter handling and relationship with temperament and physiological responses. Applied Animal Behavior Science142:125-133.
Robinson DL, Cafe LM, McIntyre BM, Geesink GH, Barendse W, Pethick DW, Thompson JM, Polkinghorn R and Greenwood PL (2012) Production and processing studies on calpain-system gene markers for tenderness in cattle: Taste panel assessments of meat quality. Journal of Animal Science 90:2850-2860.
O'Rourke BA, Greenwood PL, Arthur PF and Goddard ME (2012) Inferring the recent ancestry of myostatin alleles affecting muscle mass in cattle. Animal Genetics 44:86-90.
Haynes FEM, Greenwood PL, McDonaghMB and OddyVH (2012) Myostatin allelic status interacts with level of nutrition to affect growth, body composition and myofibre characteristics of lambs.Journal of Animal Science 90: 456-465.
Scollan ND, Greenwood PL, Newbold CJ, Yáñez-Ruiz DR, Shingfield KJ, Wallace RJ and Hocquette JF (2011) Future research priorities for animal production in a changing world. Animal Production Science51:1-5.
McGilchrist P, Pethick DW, Bonny SPF, Greenwood PL and Gardner GE (2011) Whole body insulin sensitivity is higher in beef steers selected for increased beef yield.Animal5:1579-1586.
McGilchrist P, Pethick DW, Bonny SPF, Greenwood PL and Gardner GE (2011) Beef cattle selected for increased muscularity have a reduced muscle response and increased adipose tissue response to adrenaline. Animal5:975-884.
De Jager N, Hudson NJ,Reverter A, Wang Y-H, Nagaraj SH, Cafe LM, Greenwood PL, Barnard R, Kongsuwan K and Dalrymple BP (2011) Chronic exposure to anabolic steroids induces the muscle expression of oxytocin and a more than fifty fold increase in circulating oxytocin in cattle. Physiological Genomics 43:467-478.
Cafe LM, RobinsonDL, Ferguson DM, McIntyre BM, Geesink GH and Greenwood PL (2011) Cattle temperament: persistence of assessments and associations with productivity, efficiency, carcass and meat quality traits. Journal of Animal Science 89:1452-1465.
Cafe LM, RobinsonDL, Ferguson DM, Geesink GH and Greenwood PL (2011) Temperament and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function are related and combine to affect growth, efficiency, carcass and meat quality traits in Brahman steers. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 40:230-240.Greenwood PL, Bell AW, Vercoe PE and Viljoen GJ editors (2010) Managing the Prenatal Environment to Enhance Livestock Productivity. Springer, The Netherlands, IAEA. ISBN 978-90-481-3134-1. eISBN 978-90-481-3135-8. DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-3135-8.
Professional associations and activities
- Australian Society of Animal Production
- American Society of Animal Science
- European Association of Animal Production
- The Grassland Society of New South Wales
Fields of Research
- 070204 Animal Nutrition
- 070203 Animal Management
- 070202 Animal Growth and Development
- 070702 Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology
Keyword/phrase list of research interests
- Efficiency at pasture
- Fetal and neonatal growth and development
- Developmental programming
- Fetal programming
- Muscle biology
- Meat quality
- Body composition
- Gene markers and genomics
- Livestock phenomics
Beef Industry Centre
JSF Barker Building
University of New England
Armidale NSW 2351
Beef Industry Centre
JSF Barker Building
University of New England
Armidale NSW 2351
Tel 02 6776 1374 Mob 0438 645 349 Fax 02 6770 1830
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