References for climate change research discussion paper

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z 

ABARE (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics) 2005, ‘Australian forest and wood products statistics’, September and December quarters 2005, Canberra.

ABARE 2005, ‘Energy in Australia’. Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics,

ABARE (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics) June 2006 Energy Update 2006,

ABS 2001, ‘Water account Australia 2000-01’, Australian Bureau of Statistics,

ABS 2005, ‘Water account Australia 2004-05’, Australian Bureau of Statistics,

ABS 2006, ‘4613.0 – Australia’s environment, issues and trends 2006’, Australian Bureau of Statistics,

AGO 2007a, ‘National greenhouse gas inventory 2005: accounting for the 108% target’, Australian Greenhouse Office,

AGO 2007b, ‘Strategic research and development investment plan’, Australian Greenhouse Office,

AGO 2007c, ‘Australian greenhouse emissions information system’, Australian Greenhouse Office,

AGO 2007d, ‘State and territory greenhouse gas inventories 2005’, Australian Greenhouse Office,

AGO 2006a, ‘Tracking the Kyoto target 2006’, Australian Greenhouse Office,

Ainsworth, EA & Long, SP 2005, ‘What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)?: a meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2’,  New Phytologist, vol. 165, pp. 351–372.

Alcock, D & Hegarty, RS 2006, ‘Effects of pasture improvement on productivity, gross margin and methane emissions of a grazing sheep enterprise’, International Congress Series, vol. 1293, pp. 103–106.

Alford, AR, Hegarty, RS, Parnell, PF, Cacho OJ, Herd, RM & Griffith GR 2006, ‘The impact of breeding to reduce residual feed intake on enteric methane emissions from the Australian beef industry’,  Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, vol. 46, pp. 813–820.

Alvarez, R 2005, ‘A review of nitrogen fertilizer and conservation tillage effects on soil organic carbon storage’, Soil Use Manage, vol. 21, pp. 38–52.

Ambus, P, Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S & Butterbach-Bahl, K 2006, ‘Sources of nitrous oxide emitted from European forest soils’, Biogeociences, vol. 3, pp. 135–145.

Angert, A, Biraud, S, Bonfils, C, Henning, CC, Buermann, W, Pinzon, J, Tucker, CJ & Fung, I 2005, ‘Drier summers cancel out the CO2 uptake enhancement induced by warmer springs’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 102, pp. 10823–10827.

Ayanaba, A, Tuckwell, SB & Jenkinson, DS 1976, ‘The effects of clearing and cropping on the organic reserves and biomass of tropical forest soils’, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 8, pp. 519–525.

Barker-Reid, F, Gates, WP, Wilson, K, Baigent, R, Galbally, IE, Meyer, CP, Weeks, IA & Eckard, RJ 2005, Soil nitrous oxide emissions from rainfed wheat in SE Australia: proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases (NCGG-4): science, control, policy and implementation (ed. A van Amstel), 4–6 July 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, [CD-ROM]

Bauhus, J, Khanna, PK & Menden, N 2000, ‘Aboveground and belowground interactions in mixed plantations of Eucalyptus globulus and Acacia mearnsii’, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 30, pp. 1886–1894.

Beets, PN & Madgwick, HAI 1988, ‘Above-ground dry matter and nutrient content of Pinus radiata as affected by lupin, fertilizer, thinning, and stand age’, New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, vol.18, pp. 43–64.

Bhupinderpal-Singh, Hedley, MJ, Saggar, S & Francis, GS 2004, ‘Chemical fractionation to characterize changes in sulphur and carbon in soil caused by management’, European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 55, pp. 79–90.

Bhupinderpal-Singh & Rengel, Z 2006, ‘The role of crop residues in improving soil fertility’, in P Marschner, Z Rengel (eds), Nutrient Cycling in Terrestrial Ecosystems, Soil Biology Series, Springer Verlag. (In press)

BIS Shrapnel 2000, Sawn timber in Australia 2000–2015. BIS Shrapnel Forestry Group.

Blaxter, KL & Clapperton, JL 1965, ‘Prediction of the amount of methane produced by ruminants’,  British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 19, pp. 511–522.

Bodelier, PLE & Laanbroek, HJ 2004, ‘Nitrogen as a regulatory factor of methane oxidation in soils and sediments’, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol. 47, pp. 265–277.

Boeckx, P & Van Cleemput, O 2001, ‘Estimates of N2O and CH4 fluxes from agricultural land in various regions of Europe’, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 60, pp. 35–47.

BoM 2007a, ‘Trend maps – Australian climate variability and change’, Bureau of Meteorology,

BoM 2007b, ‘Recent temperature maps’, Bureau of Meteorology,

BoM 2007c, ‘Annual Australian Climate Statement’, Bureau of Meteorology,

BoM 2003, ‘The Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change, Commonwealth of Australia’, Bureau of Meteorology,

Bushfire CRC 2006, Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre,

Buyanovsky, GA, Aslam, M & Wagner GH 1994, ‘Carbon turnover in soil physical fractions’, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 58, p. 1167–1173.

Cannon, RJC 1998, ‘The implications of predicted climate change for insect pests in the UK, with emphasis on non-indigenous species’, Global Change Biology, vol. 4, pp. 785–796.

CBD 2003, Interlinkages between biological diversity and climate change: advice on the integration of biodiversity considerations into the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto protocol, Montreal, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 154 p. (CBD Technical Series no. 10).

CCAR 2007, Forest Sector Protocol, California Climate Action Registry, viewed 4 June 2007, 

Chan, KY, Heenan, DP & So, HB 2003, ‘Sequestration of carbon and changes in soil quality under conservation tillage on light-textured soils in Australia: a review’, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 43, pp. 325–334.

Ciais, P, Reichstein, M, Viovy, N, Granier A, Ogee J, Allard, V, Aubinet, M, Buchmann, N, Bernhofer, C, Carrara, A, Chevallier, F, De Noblet, N, Friend, AD, Friedlingstein, P, Grunwald, T, Heinesch, B, Keronen, P, Knohl, A, Krinner, G, Loustau, D, Manca, G, Matteucci, G, Miglietta, F, Ourcival, JM, Papale, D, Pilegaard, K, Rambal, S, Seufert, G, Soussana, JF, Sanz, MJ, Schulze, ED, Vesala, T & Valentini, R 2005, ‘Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003’, Nature, vol. 437, pp. 529–533.

Conen, F, Dobbie, KE & Smith, KA 2000, ‘Predicting N2O emissions from agricultural land through related soil parameters’, Global Change Biology, vol. 6, pp. 417–426.

Conrad, R 1989, ‘Control of methane production in terrestrial ecosystems’, in MO Andreae & DS Schimel (eds), Exchange of trace gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, pp. 39–58.

Conteh, A, Blair, GJ, & Rochester, IJ 1998, ‘Soil organic carbon fractions in a Vertisol under irrigated cotton production as affected by burning and incorporating cotton stubble’, Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 36, pp. 655–667.

Cowie, AL, Schneider, UA & Montanarella, L 2007, ‘Potential synergies between existing multilateral environmental agreements in the implementation of land use, land use change and forestry activities’, Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 10, pp. 335–352.

CRC IF (CRC for Irrigation Futures) 2006, ‘Selected Data Concerning Water Shortage, the Drought and Irrigated Agriculture in Australia’, a report prepared for CRC for Irrigation Futures by Econosearch.

CRC for Greenhouse Accounting 2006,

CSIRO 2006, Climate Change in the Namoi Catchment, CSIRO.

CSIRO 2007, Climate change. Sited September 2007

Curtis, PS 1996, ‘A meta-analysis of leaf gas exchange and nitrogen in trees grown under elevated carbon dioxide’, Plant, Cell and Environment, vol. 19, pp. 127–137.

Dalal, RC, Wang, WJ, Robertson, GP, Parton, WJ, Myer, CM & Raison RJ 2003, ‘Emission sources of nitrous oxide from Australian agricultural and forest lands and mitigation options’, AGO National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report No. 35.

Dai, A, DelGenio, AD, Fung, IY 1997, ‘Clouds, precipitation and diurnal temperature range’, Nature, vol. 386, pp. 665–666.

Dairy Australia 2007, ‘Managing udder health in hot weather’,

Dalal, RC & Chan, KY 2001, ‘Soil organic matter in rainfed cropping systems of the Australian cereal belt’, Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 39, pp. 435–464.

Davison, T, McGowan, M, Mayer, D, Young, B, Jonsson, N, Hall, A, Matschoss, A, Goodwin, P, Goughan, J & Lake, M 1996, Managing hot cows in Australia, Queensland Department of Primary Industry.

DEH 2006, ‘Australia State of the environment 2006’, Independent report to the Australian Government Minister for the Environment and Heritage, Department of Environment and Heritage.

Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability, 2006, ‘NSW renewable energy target’, Explanatory paper, November 2006,

Eamus, D 1991, ‘The interaction of rising CO2 and temperatures with water use efficiency’, Plant, Cell and Environment, vol. 14(8), pp. 843–852.

Eckard R & Hegarty, R 2004, ‘Best management practices for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from dairy farms’,

Ellis, TW, Legu´edois, S, Hairsine, PB & Tongway, DJ 2006, ‘Capture of overland flow by a tree belt on a pastured hillslope in south-eastern Australia’, Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 44, pp. 117–125.

Eng M, Fall, A, Hughes, J, Shore, T, Riel, B, Walton, A & Hall, P 2006, ‘Provincial-level projection of the current mountain pine beetle outbreak: update of the infestation projection based on the 2005 provincial perial overview of forest health and revisions to “the model” (BCMPB.v3)’,

Etheridge, DM, Steele, LP, Langenfelds, RL, Francey, RJ, Barnola JM & Morgan, VI 1998, ‘Historical carbon dioxide records from the Law Dome DE08, DE08-2, and DSS ice cores’, in Trends: a compendium of data on global change, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., USA.

Farrell, AE, Plevin, RJ, Turner, B,T, Jones, AD, O’Hare, M & Kammen, DM 2006, ‘Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals’, Science, USA, 311, 5760, pp. 506–508.

Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 2007, ‘Investing for tomorrow’s fish: the FRDC’s research and development plan 2005 to 2010’. FRDC, Canberra. Available September 2007 at <>.

Forbes, MS, Raison, RJ, & Skjemstad, JO 2006, ‘Formation, transformation and transport of black carbon (charcoal) in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems’, Journal of the Science of the Total Environment (in press).

Franzluebbers, AJ, & Steiner, JL 2002, ‘Climatic influences on soil organic carbon storage with no tillage’, in JM Kimble et al. (eds), Agricultural practices and policies for carbon sequestration in soil, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 71–86.

Fuhrer, J 2003, ‘Agroecosystem responses to combination of elevated CO2, ozone, and global climate change’, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 97, pp. 1-20.

Galbally, IE, Meyer, CP, Kelly, K, Phillips, F, Barker-Reid, F, Gates, W, Grace, P, Barton, L, Porter, B, Bentley, ST, Leuning, R, and Eckard, R 2006. ‘Environmental and management drivers of nitrous oxide emissions in Australian agro-ecosystems’, in VP Aneja, WH Schlesinger, R Knighton, G Jennings, D Niyogi, W Gilliam and CS Duke (eds.), Proceedings of Workshop on Agricultural Air Quality: state of the science, 5–8 June 2006, North Carolina State University, Maryland, USA, p. 604.

Gardner, WD, Ximenes, FA, Cowie, A., Marchant, JF, Mann, S & Dods, K 2002, ‘Decomposition of wood products in the Lucas Heights facility’, in Proceedings Third Australian LCA Conference, Broadbeach, Queensland, 17–19 July, 2002.

Gifford  RM, Farquhar GD, Roderick, ML &  Nicholls, N 2005, ‘Workshop summary on pan evaporation: an example of the detection and attribution of climate change variables: proceedings of a workshop held at the Shine Dome, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra 22-23 November 2004’,

Graboski, MS & McClelland, J 2002, ‘A rebuttal to “Ethanol fuels: energy, economics, and environmental impact”’, International Sugar Journal, 104, 1240, p. 162.

Guo, LB & Gifford, RM 2002, ‘Soil carbon stocks and land-use change: A meta analysis’, Global Change Biology, 8, pp. 345–360.

Heenan, DP, Chan, KY & Knight, PG 2004, ‘Long-term impact of rotation, tillage and stubble management on the loss of soil organic carbon and nitrogen from a Chromic Luvisol’, Soil Tillage Research, vol. 76, pp. 59–68.

Heenan, DP, McGhie, WJ, Thomson, FM & Chan, KY 1995, ‘Decline in soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in relation to tillage, stubble management, and rotation’, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, vol. 35, pp. 877–884.

Hegarty, RS, Goopy, JP, Herd, RM & McCorkell B 2007, ‘Cattle selected for lower residual feed intake have reduced daily methane production’, Journal of Animal Science (in press).

Hennessy, K, Fitzharris, B, Bates, BC, Harvey, N, Howden, SM, Hughes, L, Salinger J & Warrick, R 2007, Australia and New Zealand. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ML Parry, OF Canziani, JP Palutikof, PJ van der Linden and CE Hanson, (Eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 507-540.

Hennessy, KJ, Lucas, C, Nicholls, N, Bathols, J, Suppiah, R & Ricketts, J 2005, ‘Climate change impacts on fire- weather in southeast Australia’, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Consultancy report jointly funded by the Commonwealth of Australia and the governments of New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Australian Capital Territory, p. 91.

Hennessy, K, Page, C, McInnes, K, Jones, R, Bathols, J, Collins, D & Jones, D 2004a, ‘Climate change in New South Wales part 1: past climate variability and projected changes in average climate’, Consultancy Report to the NSW Greenhouse Office, CSIRO.

Hennessy, K, McInnes, K, Abbs, D, Jones, R, Bathols, J, Suppiah, R, Ricketts, J, Rafter, T, Collins D & Jones D 2004b, ‘Climate change in New South Wales part 2: projected changes in extremes’, Consultancy Report to the NSW Greenhouse Office, CSIRO.

Hill, J, Nelson, E, Tilman, D, Polasky, S & Tiffany, D 2006, Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, USA. 103: 30, pp. 11206–11210.

Hill, M, Braaten, R, McKeon, G, Barrett, D, Dyer, R, Friedel, M, Van Vreeswyk, S, Hacker, R, Henry, B, Carter, J, Haberkorn, G, McGregor, C, & Marlow, N 2002, Range-ASSESS: a spatial framework for analysis of potential for carbon sequestration in rangelands. CRC Technical Publication No. 1, Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Accounting, ISSN 1446-442X

Hobday, AJ & Matear R (eds) 2005, ‘Review of climate impacts on Australian fisheries and aquaculture: implications for the effects of climate change’, Report to the Australian Greenhouse Office, Canberra, December 2005.

Hobday, AJ, Okey, TA, Poloczanska, ES, Kunz, TJ & Richardson, AJ (eds) 2006, ‘Impacts of climate change on Australian marine life’, Report to the Australian Greenhouse Office, Canberra, September 2006.

Howden, SM & Reyenga, PJ 1999, ‘Methane emissions from Australian livestock: implications of the Kyoto Protocol’, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 50, pp. 1285–1292.

Howden, SM, Reyenga, PJ & Meinke, H 1999a, ‘Global change impacts on Australian wheat cropping’, Report to the Australian Greenhouse Office, CSIRO Wildlife and Ecology, Working Paper 99/04, Canberra.

Howden, SM, Hall, WB & Bruget, D 1999b, ‘Heat stress and beef cattle in Australian rangelands: recent trends and climate change’, in D Eldridge & D Freudenberger (eds), People and rangelands: building the future: proceedings of VI International Rangelands Congress, Townsville, 6th International Rangelands Congress.

Howden, SM & Jones, RN 2001, ‘Costs and benefits of CO2 increase and climate change on the Australian wheat industry’, Report to the Australian Greenhouse Office, p. 25.

Howden, M, Ash, A, Barlow, S, Booth, T, Charles, S, Cechet, R, Crimp, S, Gifford, R, Hennessy, K, Jones, R, Kirschbaum, M, McKeon, G, Meinke, H, Park, S, Sutherst, R, Webb, L & Whetton, P 2003, An overview of the adaptive capacity of the Australian agricultural sector to climate change – options, costs and benefits, CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Canberra.

Hütsch, BW 1998, ‘Tillage and land use effects on methane oxidation rates and their vertical profiles in soil’, Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 27, pp. 284–292.

IEA (International Energy Agency) 2007, ‘Biofuel production’, IEA Energy Technology Essentials, January 2007.

IOCI (Indian Ocean Climate Initiative) 2002, Climate variability and change in south west Western Australia, Indian Ocean Climate Initiative Panel, Perth.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 2001a, ‘Climate change 2001: the scientific basis’, in JT Houghton, V Ding, DJ Griggs, M Noguer, PJ van der Linden, X Dai, K Maskell & CA Johnson (eds), Contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, UK.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 2001b, ‘Climate change 2001:
Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability’, in Contribution of Working Group II to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, UK.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 2005, ‘IPCC special report on carbon dioxide capture and storage’, prepared by Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Metz, B., O. Davidson, H. C. de Coninck, M. Loos, and L. A. Meyer (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, p. 442.

Johnson, DW 1992, ‘Effects of forest management on soil carbon storage’, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, vol. 64, pp. 83–120.

Jones, RN & Hennessy, KJ 2000, Climate change impacts in the Hunter Valley: a risk assessment of heat stress affecting dairy cattle, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia.

Jovanovic, T & Booth, TH 2002, ‘Improved species climatic profiles’, RIRDC Publication No. 02/095.

Karonsky, DF, 2003, ‘Impact of elevated atmospheric CO2 on forest trees and forest ecosystems: knowledge gaps’, Environment International, vol. 29, pp. 161–169.

Keeling, CD & Whorf, TP 2005, ‘Atmospheric carbon dioxide records from sites in the SIO air sampling network’, in Trends: a compendium of data on global change, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., USA.

Kingwell, R 2006, ‘Climate change in Australia: agricultural impacts and adaptation’, Australasian Agribusiness Review, vol. 14, paper 1,

Kirschbaum, MUF 1999, ‘Forest growth and species distribution in a changing climate’, Tree Physiology, vol. 20, pp. 309–322.

Korner, CR, Asshoff, O, Bignucolo, S, Hattenschwiler, SG, Keel, S, Pelaez-Riedl, S, Pepin, RR, Siegwolf, TW & Zotz, G 2005, ‘Carbon flux and growth in mature deciduous forest trees exposed to elevated CO2’, Science, vol. 309, pp. 1360-1362.

Lal, R 1997, ‘Residue management, conservation tillage and soil restoration for mitigating greenhouse effect by carbon dioxide enrichment’, Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 43, pp. 81–107.

Ledgard, SF 1991, ‘Transfer of fixed nitrogen from white clover to associated grasses in swards grazed by dairy-cows, estimated using N-15 methods’, Plant and Soil, vol. 131, pp. 215–223.

Lehmann, J, Gaunt, J & Rondon, M 2006, ‘Bio-char sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems – a review’, in Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, DOI: 10.1007/s11027-005-9006-5.

Lemmen, DS & Warren, FJ 2004, Climate change impacts and adaptation: a Canadian perspective, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON.

Liepert, BG, Feichter, J, Lohmann, U & Roeckner E 2004, ‘Can aerosols spin down the water cycle in a warmer and moister world?’, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L06207, doi:10.1029/2003GL019060.

Lim, B (ed) 2004, Adaptation policy frameworks for climate change: developing strategies, policies and measures, United Nations Development Programme, Cambridge University Press.

Luo, Q, Bellotti, B, Bryan, B & Williams, M 2003, Risk analysis of possible environmental change and future crop production in South Australia: proceedings of the Australian Society of Agronomy, 11th Australian Agronomy Conference, Geelong, Victoria.

Luo, Q, Jones, RN, Williams, M, Bryan, B & Bellotti, B 2005a, ‘Probabilistic distributions of regional climate change and their application in risk analysis of wheat production’, Climate Research, vol. 29, pp. 41–52.

Luo, Y, Hui, D & Zhang, D 2005b, ‘Elevated CO2 stimulates net accumulations of carbon and nitrogen in land ecosystems: a meta-analysis’, Ecology, vol. 87, pp. 53–63.

MLA 2007, ‘Heatload in feedlot cattle’, viewed 26 April 2007,

Möllersten, K, Yan, J & Moreira, JR 2003, ‘Promising market niches for biomass energy with CO2 removal and disposal: opportunities for energy supply with negative CO2 emissions’, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 25, pp. 273–285.

Montagu, KD, Cowie, AL, Rawson, A, Wilson, BR, & George, BH 2003, ‘Carbon sequestration predictor for land use change in inland areas of New South Wales: background, user notes, assumptions and preliminary model testing’, State Forestry Corporation Research and Development Division Technical Paper No. 68. Model available from

Nakicenovic, N, Alcamo, J, Davis, G, de Vries, B, Fenhann, J, Gaffin, S, Gregory, K, Grübler, A, Jung, TY, Kram, T, La Rovere, EL, Michaelis, L, Mori, S, Morita, T, Pepper, W, Pitcher, H, Price, L, Riahi, K, Roehrl, A, Rogner, HH, Sankovski, A, Schlesinger, M, Shukla, P, Smith, S, Swart, R, van Rooijen, S, Victor, N, Zhou, D 2000, Special report on emissions scenarios: a special report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Available online at:

NETT (National Emissions Trading Taskforce) 2006,

Newton, G. 2007, 'Climate change impacts on Australia's coast and oceans.' Waves 13 (1) Summer 2007, p.1-3.

Nicholls, N 2006, ‘Detecting and attributing Australian climate change: a review’ Australian Meteorological Magazine, vol. 55, pp. 199–211.

Nkrumah, JD, Okine, EK, Mathison, GW, Schmid, K, Li, C, Basarab, JA, Price, MA, Wang, Z & Moore, SS 2006, ‘Relationships of feedlot feed efficiency, performance and feeding behaviour with metabolic rate, methane production and energy partitioning in beef cattle’, Journal of Animal Science, vol 84, pp. 145–153.

Norby, NJ, DeLucia, EH, Gielen, B, Calfapietra, C, Giardina, CP, John, S, King, JS, Ledford, J, McCarthy, HR, Moore, DJP, Ceulemans, R, De Angelis, P, Finzi, AC, Karnosky, DF, Kubiske, ME, Lukac, M, Pregitzer, KS, Scarascia-Mugnozzan, GE, Schlesinger, WH & Oren, R 2005, ‘Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 102, pp. 18052–18056.

Nowak, RS, Ellsworth, DS & Smith, SD 2004, ‘Functional responses of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2: do photosynthetic and productivity data from FACE experiments support early predictions?’, New Phytologist, vol. 162, pp. 253-280.

NSW Irrigators 2002, NSW Irrigators Council,

Old, K & Stone, C 2005, ‘Vulnerability of Australian forest carbon sinks to pests and pathogens in a changing climate’, report to the Australian Greenhouse Office (unpublished).

Parton, WJ, Schimel, DS, Cole, CV & Ojima, DS 1987, ‘Analysis of factors controlling soil organic matter levels in great plain grasslands’, Journal of the Soil Science Society of America, no. 51, pp. 1173–1179.

Paul, KI, Polglase, PJ, Nyakuengama, JG & Khanna, PK 2002, ‘Change in soil carbon following afforestation’, Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 168, pp. 241–257.

Paustian, K, Collins, HP & Paul, EA 1997, ‘Management controls on soil carbon’, in EA Paul et al. (eds), Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems: long-term experiments in North America, CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Peterson, TC, Golubev, VS & Groisman, PY 1995, ‘Evaporation losing its strength’, Nature, vol. 377, pp. 687–688.

Petit, JR, Jouzel, J, Raynaud, D, Barkov, NI, Barnola, JM, Basile, I, Bender, M, Chappellaz, J, Davis, M, Delaygue, G, Delmotte, M, Kotlyakov, VM, Legrand, M, Lipenkov, V, Lorius, C, Pépin, L, Ritz, C, Saltzman, E & Stievenard, M 1999, ‘Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica’, Nature, 399, pp.429–436.

Phillips, F, Leuning, R, Baigent, R, Kelly, K & Denmead, OT 2007, ‘Nitrous oxide flux measurements from an intensively managed irrigated pasture using micrometeorological techniques’, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 143, (no. 1–2): 92–10.

Pimentel, D 2001, ‘Ethanol fuels: energy, economics, and environmental impact’, International Sugar Journal, 103:491.

Pittock, B (ed) 2003, Climate change: an Australian guide to the science and potential impacts, Australian Greenhouse Office.

Podbury, T, Sheales, TC, Hussain, I & Fisher, BS 1998, ‘Use of El Niño climate forecasts in Australia’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 80, No. 5, pp. 1096–1101.

Potgieter, A, Meinke, H, & Doherty, A 2004, ‘Likely impact of climate change on wheat and sorghum production in central Queensland’, Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane. ISBN 1 920842 209.

Power, B, Meinke, H, De Voil P, Lennox, S, & Hayman, P 2004, ‘Effects of a changing climate on wheat cropping systems in northern New South Wales’, Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane. ISBN 1 920842 209.

Pu, GX, Saffigna, PG & Xu, ZH 2001, ‘Denitrification, leaching and immobilisation of 15N-labelled nitrate in winter under windrowed harvesting residues in hoop pine plantations of 1–3 years old in subtropical Australia’, Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 152, pp. 183–194.

Puget, P & Lal, R 2005, ‘Soil organic carbon and nitrogen in a Mollisol in central Ohio as affected by tillage and land use’, Soil Tillage Research, vol. 80, pp. 201–213.

Rasmussen, PE & Parton, WJ 1994, ‘Long-term effects of residue management in wheat/fallow: I. inputs, yield, and soil organic matter’, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 58, pp. 523–530.

Reid, RL (ed) 1990, The manual of Australian agriculture, Butterworths, Sydney.

Reyenga, PJ, Howden, SM, Meinke, H & Hall, WB 2001, ‘Global change impacts on wheat production along an environmental gradient in South Australia’, Environment International, vol. 27, pp. 195–200.

RGGI (Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative) 2006, ‘Public Review Model Rule Draft 03/23/06’, viewed 4 June 2007,

Richards, GP 2001, ‘The FullCAM carbon accounting model: development, calibration and implementation for the National Carbon Accounting System’, National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report No. 28, p. 50.

Robertson, LR & Waghorn, GC 2002, ‘Dairy industry perspectives on methane emissions and production from cattle fed pasture or total mixed rations in New Zealand’, Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, vol 62, pp. 213–218.

Roderick, ML & Farquhar, GD 2002, ‘The cause of decreased pan evaporation over the last 50 years’, Science, vol. 298, pp. 1410-1411.

Roderick, ML & Farquhar, GD 2004, ‘Changes in Australian pan evaporation from 1970 to 2002’, International Journal of Climatology, vol. 24, pp. 1077–1090.

Roderick, ML & Farquhar, GD 2005, ‘Changes in New Zealand pan evaporation since the 1970s’, International Journal of Climatology, vol. 25, pp. 2031-2039.

Schlamadinger, BM, Apps, F, Bohlin, L, Gustavsson, G, Jungmeier, G, Marland, K, Pingoud & Savolainen, I 1997, ‘Towards a Standard Methodology for Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems in Comparison with Fossil Energy Systems’, Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 13, pp. 359-375.

Schroeder, P 1991, ‘Can intensive forest management increase carbon storage in forests?’, Environmental Management, vol. 15, pp. 474-481.

Sherwood, S. and Uphoff, N.: 2000 ‘Soil health: research, practice and policy for a more regenerative agriculture’, Applied Soil Ecology 15, 85-97.

Shugart, H, Sedjo, R & Sohngen, B 2003, ‘Forests and Global climate change. Potential Impacts on U.S. Forest Resources’,  Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, VA.

Simpson, RR 2005, ‘Edaphic and vegetation controls of nitrogen and carbon fluxes and greenhouse gas emissions in sub-alpine communities in south-eastern Australia’, PhD thesis, Faculty of Land and Food Resources, The University of Melbourne, Australia.

Skog, KE & Nicholson, GA 1998, ‘Carbon cycling through wood products: the role of wood and paper products in carbon sequestration’, Forest Products Journal, vol. 48, pp. 75-83.

Soden, BJ, Jackson, DL, Ramaswamy, V, Schwarzkopf, MD & Huang, X 2005, ‘The radiative signature of upper troposphere moistening’, Science, vol. 310, pp. 841-844.

Solomon, S, Qin, D, Manning, M, Alley, RB, Berntsen, T, Bindoff, NL, Chen, Z Chidthaisong, A, Gregory, JM, Hegerl, GC, Heimann, M, Hewitson, B, Hoskins, BJ, Joos, F, Jouzel, J, Kattsov, V, Lohmann, U, Matsuno, T, Molina, M, Nicholls, N, Overpeck, J, Raga, G, Ramaswamy, V, Ren, J, Rusticucci, M, Somerville, R, Stocker, TF, Whetton, P, Wood RA & Wratt D 2007: Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S, Qin, D, Manning, M, Chen, Z, Marquis, M, Averyt, KB, Tignor M & Miller HL (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Stanhill, G & Cohen, S 2001, ‘Global Dimming: A Review of the Evidence’, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 107 (2001), pp. 255-278.

Steffen, W. 2006, Stronger Evidence but New Challenges: Climate Change Science 2001-2005, Report to the Department of Environment and Heritage, Australian Greenhouse Office.

Stern, N 2006, The Economics of Climate Change, Cabinet Office – HM Treasury, England.

Stirzaker, R 1999, ‘The problem of irrigated horticulture: matching the biophysical efficienc with the economic efficiency’, Agroforestry Systems, vol. 45, pp. 187-202.

Suwanwaree, P & Robertson, GP 2005, ‘Methane oxidation in forest, successional, and No-till agricultural ecosystems: Effects of nitrogen and disturbance’, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 69, pp. 1722–1729.

Tang, X, Liu, S, Zhou, G, Zhang, D & Zhou, C 2006, ‘Soil-atmospheric exchange of carbon dioxide, CH4, and N2O in three subtropical forest ecosystems in southern China’, Global Change Biology, vol. 12, pp. 546–560.

Tisdall, JM & Oades, JM 1982, ‘Organic matter and water-stable aggregates in soils’, Journal of Soil Science, no. 33, pp. 141–163.

Tubiello, FN & Ewert, F 2002, ‘Modeling the effects of elevated CO2 on crop growth and yield: a review’, European Journal of Agriculture, vol. 18(1–2), pp. 57–74.

Turner, J & Lambert, M 1986, ‘Nutrition and nutritional relationships of Pinus radiata’, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, vol. 17, pp. 325–350.

UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) 2003, ‘Estimation, reporting and accounting of harvested wood products’, Technical Paper, FCCC/TP/2003/7.

UNFCCC 2006a, ‘Kyoto Protocol Status of Ratification’, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 

UNFCCC 2006b ‘National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period 1990–2004 and status of reporting’, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, FCCC/SBI/ 2006/26,

UNFCCC 2006c, ‘Sixth compilation and synthesis of initial national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention’, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, FCCC/SBI/2005/18/Add.2,

Van Der Nagel, LS, Waghorn, GC & Forgie, VE 2003, Methane and carbon emissions from conventional pasture and grain-based total mixed rations for dairying. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production, vol. 63, pp. 128–132.

Wang, G, He, MD & Chen, D 2006, ‘Effect of stubble incorporation and nitrogen fertilization on denitrification and nitrous oxide emission in an irrigated maize soil’, Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science (China), Issue 6.

Wang, WJ, Dalal, RC & Moody, PW 2004, ‘Soil carbon sequestration and density distribution in a Vertosol under different farming practices’, Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 42, pp. 875–882.

Watson, RT, Noble, IR, Bolin, B, Ravindranath, NH, Verado, DJ & Dokken, DJ (eds) 2000, Land use, land-use change, and forestry: a special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 23–51.

Webb, L 2006, ‘The impact of projected greenhouse gas induced climate change on the Australian wine industry’ [multimedia presentation], CRC for Greenhouse Accounting,

West, TO, & Post, WM 2002, ‘Soil organic carbon sequestration rates by tillage and crop rotation: a global data analysis’, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 66, pp. 1930–1946.

World Wildlife Fund (2007). Climate change (various articles). Sited September 2007 at 

Wood, S & Cowie, AL 2004, ‘A review of greenhouse gas emission factors for fertiliser production’, Report to IEA Bioenergy Task 38.

Ximenes, FA & Gardner, WD 2005, Production and use of forest products in Australia. Forest Resources Research – NSW Department of Primary Industries Technical Paper No. 71,

Ximenes, FA 2006, ‘Carbon storage in wood products in Australia: a review of the current state of knowledge’, Report prepared for the Forest and Wood Products Research and Development Corporation,,

Yadvinder-Singh, Bijay-Singh & Timsina J 2005, ‘Crop residue management for nutrient cycling and improving soil productivity in rice-based cropping systems in the tropics’, Advances in Agronomy, vol. 85, pp. 269–407.

Zinati, GM, Li, YC & Bryan, HH 2001, ‘Utilization of compost increases organic carbon and its humin, humic acid and fulvic acid fractions in calcareous soil’, Compost Science and Utilization, vol. 9, pp. 156-162.