The Condobolin ARAS is in the NSW Central West, about 100 km west of Parkes, near the township of Condobolin. The site sits at about 195 metres above sea level.
Condobolin ARAS has a median rainfall of 427 mm, which is non-seasonal and highly variable. The topography is predominantly level with a small area of slightly undulating land in the north western corner.
The Central West of NSW covers a region of approximately 70 000 km2, extending from the Blue Mountains almost 500 km west, crossing 11 local government areas. 80% of this land is dedicated to agriculture, with a gross value of $1.4 billion. The primary agricultural outputs are broad acre cropping, sheep and beef farming.
Temperatures range from 34.1°C (average January maximum) with an average of 7 days above 40°C per year, through to 2.8°C (average July minimum) with an average 23 days below 0°C. The period between the start of May through to September carries a high frost risk, with an average of 40 frost events per year at this time, while minimum temperatures can fall to -3°C and lower.