XIMENES, Fabiano

Fabiano Ximenes

Research interests

  • Biomass / carbon in forests and wood products
  • Carbon accounting for forests and wood products
  • Bioenergy
  • Wood science
  • Decay of wood and paper products in landfills
  • Life cycle assessment of forests and wood products


Fabiano joined the NSW Government in 2000 and his projects over the years have focussed on the development and implementation of novel methods to more accurately estimate carbon in forest systems and in wood products, including the dynamics of decomposition of wood and paper products in landfills. This work and other projects have informed the development of national and international greenhouse inventories, and have been actively considered in the formulation of carbon policy. Fabiano was one of Lead Authors of the IPCC 2013 Revised Supplementary Methods and Good Practice Guidance Arising from the Kyoto Protocol (Harvested Wood Products chapter). More recently Fabiano’s work has focussed on biomass assessments and its potential use for bioenergy and other applications.


  • Bachelor of Forestry, 1997 - University of Brasilia, Brazil
  • Masters in Wood Science (Wood preservation), 2000 - Australian National University
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Carbon dynamics in wood and paper products in landfills), 2000 - University of New England

Current and recently completed projects

Recent publications

2022: Middelhoff E, Furtado LA, Parise JAR, Ximenes F & Florin N. 'Hybrid concentrated solar biomass (HCSB) systems for cogeneration: Techno-economic analysis for beef abattoirs in New South Wales, Australia'. Energy Conversion and Management, Vol 262, 15 June 2022, 115620.

2022: Li M, Middelhoff E, Ximenes F, Carney C, Madden B, Florin N, Malik A & Lenzen M. ‘Scenario modelling of biomass usage in the Australian electricity grid’, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol 180, May 2022, 106198

2022: Middelhoff E, Madden B, Ximenes F, Carney C & Florin N. ‘Assessing electricity generation potential and identifying possible locations for siting hybrid concentrated solar biomass (HCSB) plants in New South Wales (NSW), Australia’, Applied Energy, Vol 305 (1 January 2022) 117942

2021: Middelhoff E, Furtado LA, Peterseim JH, Madden B, Ximenes F & Florin N. 'Hybrid concentrated solar biomass (HCSB) plant for electricity generation in Australia: Design and evaluation of techno-economic and environmental performance'. Energy Conversion and Management, Vol 240, 15 July 2021, 114244.

2020: Li M, Lenzen M, Yousefzadeh M & Ximenes FA. 'The roles of biomass and CSP in a 100 % renewable electricity supply in Australia'. Biomass for Bioenergy, 143 (2020) 105802.

2019: Turner, P., Ximenes, F., Penman, T., Law, B., Waters, C., Grant, T., Mo, M., Brock, P. 'Accounting for biodiversity in life cycle impact assessments of forestry and agricultural systems—the BioImpact metric'. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol 24.

2019: Kirschbaum M, Zeng G, Ximenes F, Giltrap D & Zeldis J. 'Towards a more complete quantification of the global carbon cycle'. Biogeosciences, Vol 16, Issue 3, 831–846.

2019: Ximenes F, Bjordal C, Kathuria A, Barlaz M & Cowie A. 'Improving understanding of carbon storage in wood in landfills: evidence from reactor studies'. Waste Management, Vol 85: 341-350.

2018: Ximenes F, Kathuria A, Barlaz M & Cowie A. 'Carbon dynamics of paper, engineered wood products and bamboo in landfills: evidence from reactor studies'. Carbon Balance and Management, 13:27.

2018: Collins L, Bradstock R, Ximenes F, Horsey B, Sawyer R & Penman T. 'Aboveground forest carbon shows different responses to fire frequency in harvested and unharvested forests'. Ecological Applications, Vol 29, Issue 1, 1-12.

2018: Ximenes F, Cowie A & Barlaz M. 'The decay of engineered wood products and paper excavated from landfills in Australia'. Waste Management, Vol 74 (2018) 312–322.

2018: Ximenes FA, Kathuria A, McLean M, Coburn R, Sargeant D, Ryan M, Williams J, Boer K & Mo M. 'Carbon in mature native forests in Australia: The role of direct weighing in the derivation of allometric equations'. Forests, Vol 9, Issue 2, 60.

2018: Paul K, Radtke PJ, Roxburgh SH, Larmour J, Waterworth R, Butler D, Brooksbank K & Ximenes F. 'Validation of allometric biomass models: How to have confidence in the application of existing models'. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol 412: 70-79.

2017: Smith H, Ximenes F & O’Brien N. 'New greenhouse gas abatement methodology: potential value to the plantation forestry sector'. Australian Forestry, Vol 80, Issue 5, 273-274.

2017: Ximenes F, Stephens M, Brown B, Law B, McGuffog T, Mylek M, Schirmer J & Sullivan A. 'Mechanical fuel load reduction in Australia: a potential tool for bushfire mitigation'. Australian Forestry, Vol 80, Issue 2, 88-98.

2016: Cowie A, Ximenes F, Berndes G, Brandão M, Lamers P & Marland G. Reply to “Policy Institutions and Forest Carbon”. Nature Climate Change, Vol 6, Sept 2016, p805.

2015: Ximenes F, Björdal C, Cowie A & Barlaz M. 'The decay of wood in landfills in contrasting climates in Australia'. Waste Management, Vol 41, July 2015, 101-110.

2015: Wang X, De la Cruz FB, Ximenes F & Barlaz MA. 'Decomposition and carbon storage of selected paper products in laboratory-scale landfills'. Science of the Total Environment, Vol 532, Nov 2015, 70-79.

2015: Falster D. et al. 'BAAD: a Biomass And Allometry Database for woody plants'. Ecology, 96(5), 2015, p.1445.

2014: Ruter S, Alfredsen G, Ximenes F, Ghendehou S, Pingoud K. & Tsunetsugu Y. 'Section 2.8, Harvested Wood Products' - 'IPCC 2014, 2013 Revised Supplementary Methods and Good Practice Guidance Arising from the Kyoto Protocol'. Editors: Hiraishi T, Krug T, Tanabe K, Srivastava N, Baasansuren J, Fukuda M & Troxler TG. Published: IPCC, Switzerland.

2013: Ximenes F & Grant T. 'Quantifying the greenhouse benefits of the use of wood products in two popular house designs in Sydney, Australia'. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol 18, Issue 4, May 2013, pp891-908.

2012: Ximenes F, George B, Cowie A, Williams J & Kelly G. 'Greenhouse gas balance of native forests in New South Wales, Australia'. Forests, Vol 3, Issue 3, 653-683.

Selected Scientific Reports

2018: Ximenes F, Coburn R, McLean M, Samuel J, Cameron N, Law B, Threllfall C, Wright K, Macintosh S. 'North Coast Residues - A project undertaken as part of the 2023 North Coast Forestry Project'. NSW Department of Primary Industries. Visit: https://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/forestry/north-coast-residues-project

2016: Contributor to: 'Forestry for a low-carbon future Integrating forests and wood products in climate change strategies'. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO Forestry Paper, 177, Rome, 2016.

2016: Ximenes F, Bi H, Cameron N & Roxburgh S. 'Carbon stocks and flows in native forests and harvested wood products in SE Australia'. Report prepared for FWPA.

2014: Ximenes, F., Maclean, M., Sargeant, D., Blasi, M., Mo, M., Coburn, R.    Determining coarse woody debris and fine litter layer in key native forests in NSW and VIC. Report prepared for the Federal Department of Environment.

2012: Ximenes F, Ramos J, Bi H, Cameron N, Singh B & Blasi M. 'Determining Biomass in Residues Following Harvesting in Radiata Pine Forests in NSW'. RIRDC Publication, No. 11/177.

Professional associations and activities

  • Member of Australian Life Cycle Assessment Society
  • Member of “Power and Heat” committee for Bioenergy Australia
  • Associate of the International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 38:  “Climate Change Effects of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems”

Fields of research

  • 070502 Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts
  • 070504 Forestry Management and Environment
  • 050209 Natural Resource Management

Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC)

Keyword/phrase list of research interests

  • Carbon
  • Biomass
  • Forests
  • Bioenergy
  • Wood science
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Greenhouse gas accounting
  • Landfills

Contact details

Email: fabiano.ximenes@dpi.nsw.gov.au

Location: DPI Forestry - Parramatta