ANWAR, Muhuddin

Muhuddin Anwar

Research interests

  • Mixed-farming systems modelling
  • Management of climate risks including efficiencies in agricultural production systems
  • Climate change adaptation


Dr Muhuddin Anwar (also known as Anwar) has over 20 years’ experience specializing in assessing Agricultural Production, Nutrient Management, Climatic Risk and Environmental Sustainability, Agricultural Systems Simulation and Climate Change. Anwar is an agricultural systems modeller in the Climate Impact and Adaptation team. In 1987, he started as an Agricultural Extension Officer (World Bank project) and since then has undertaken several client services roles including research in developing and developed countries like India, New Zealand, Japan, and now in Australia.

Anwar is currently involved in quantification of farmer’s management options, agricultural systems simulation and climate change adaptation for NSW.


  • BSc Haryana Agricultural University
  • MSc Horticulture DYSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan India
  • PhD Lincoln University
  • Post-doctorate (JSPS), National Agricultural Research Centre, Tsukuba Japan

Current projects

  • Comprehensive Assessment of Climate Change impacts on agricultural sectors across (NSW DPI and OEH)
  • Climate impact and biophysical simulation of various farming rotations in ACIAR project--Market-focused integrated crop and livestock enterprises for NW Cambodia.
  • Model (APSIM, AusFarm) parameterization and validation of mixed crop-livestock systems (compare experimental data and simulation) and extend simulation to new regions for climate change adaptation of mixed crop-livestock systems.

Recent publications

Yang YM, DL Liu, MR Anwar, G O’Leary, I Macadam, YH Yang 2016. Water use efficiency and crop water balance of rainfed wheat in a semi-arid environment: sensitivity of future changes to projected climate changes and soil type. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 123, 565-579; http://doi:10.1007/s00704-015-1376-3

Anwar MR, W Badgery, J Mwendwa, N Herrmann, AD Moore 2015. Modelling the effects of mixed farming systems on soil carbon and crop-livestock productivity in central-west NSW. Proceedings of the 17th ASA Conference, 20 – 24 September 2015, Hobart, Australia

Anwar MR, DL Liu, R Farquharson, I Macadam, A Abadi, J Finlayson, B Wang, T Ramilan 2015. Climate change impacts on phenology and yields of five broadacre crops at four climatologically distinct locations in Australia. Agricultural Systems 132, 133–144

Anwar MR, JJ Luo, O Alves, T Sides, G Young, J Crean, A Clark, I McGowen 2015. Can seasonal forecast minimise the threats of climate variability to achieve profitable crop-livestock productions in NSW. Proceedings of the 17th ASA Conference, 20 – 24 September 2015, Hobart, Australia.

O’Leary G DL, Liu, J Nuttall, MR Anwar, F Robertson 2015. Modelling soil carbon in Australia: a way to widen the experimental space. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 25 1, 012017.

Zeleke KT, MR Anwar, DL Liu 2014. Managing crop stubble during fallow period for soil water conservation: field experiment and modelling, Environmental Earth Sciences, 72, 3317-3327, doi: 10.1007/s12665-014-3235-4

Liu DL, MR Anwar, G O'Leary, MK Conyers 2014. Managing wheat stubble as an effective approach to sequester soil carbon in a semi-arid environment: Spatial modelling. Geoderma, 214-215: 50-61,

Yang Y, DL Liu MR, Anwar H, Zuo, Y Yang 2014. Impact of future climate change on wheat production in relation to soil water holding capacity in a semi-arid environment. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 115, 391-410, DOI 10.1007/s00704-013-0895-z

Crimp SJ, A Ghahramani, A Moore, A Ash, B Alexander, MR Anwar, M Cashen, C Cvitanovic, M Dunstan, G Ferrier, P Graham, M Hamilton, P Hayman, G Hopwood, P Kokic, G Kuehne, DL Liu, Z Leviston, N Marshall, T McClelland, U Nidumolu, J Ouzman, D Prestwidge, J Ricketts, T Sides, C Stokes, D Thomas, H van Rees 2014. Evaluating transformative adaptation options for Australian extensive farming.  An interim technical report prepared for DA as part of the Carbon Farming Initiative, Filling the Research Gaps Program.

Anwar MR, DL Liu, I Macadam, G Kelly 2013.  Adapting agriculture to climate change: A review. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 113: 225-245. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-012-0780-1

Professional associations and activities

  • Member of ICASA (International Consortium for Agricultural Systems Application)
  • Adjunct Senior Lecturer, Charles Sturt University, Australia
  • Member, EH Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation (an alliance between Charles Sturt University and NSW DPI)
  • Member of Australian Society of Agronomy and Association of Australian Cotton Scientists.

Fields of research

  • 040104 Climate Change Processes
  • 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures
  • 070103 Agricultural Production Systems Simulation
  • 070105 Agricultural Systems Analysis and Modelling
  • 960304 Climate variability
  • 070399 Crop and Pasture Production
  • 820301 Cotton
  • 070302 Agronomy
  • 961402 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils

Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC)

Keyword/phrase list of research interests

  • Climate change adaptation measures
  • Agricultural production systems simulation
  • Modelling
  • Climate variability
  • Crop phenology
  • Crop and pasture production
  • Cotton
  • Agronomy

Contact details

Location: Wagga Wagga Agricultural Institute