|Pasture type and use||Perennial grass, producing main growth in spring, summer and autumn. Grazing.|
|Area of adaptation||Northern NSW|
|Min. average annual rainfall||500 mm|
|Soil requirements||Medium-textured soils with good fertility.|
|Sowing time||Mid-spring to late summer, depending on rainfall incidence and weed control.|
|Companion species||Grasses: Rhodes grass, digit grass.
|Major nutrient deficiencies||Phosphorus, nitrogen and sulfur.|
|Main insect pests||No significant problems.|
|Main diseases||No significant problems.|
|Management||Maintain a moderate amount of leaf on the plant without allowing it to become rank. Avoid heavy grazing just before winter.|
|Livestock disorders of particular note||Frequently hyperparathyroidism (‘big head’) in horses, occasionally nephrosis or hypocalcaemia in ruminants, due to oxalates.|
|Additional tips||Adequate weed control is essential for successful establishment. Ensure seed is free of declared weeds (e.g. parthenium weed).|
|Further information||Agfact P2.5.35. Panic grasses for pastures.|
Advice on livestock health disorders was provided by Dr Chris Bourke, Principal Research Scientist, NSW Agriculture, Orange. His contribution is gratefully acknowledged.
Photo: Warren McDonald, Former Technical Specialist (Pastures), NSW Agriculture, Tamworth