|Pasture type and use||Temperate perennial grass with growth in autumn, winter and spring; dormant in summer. Useful species in saline and waterlogged soils.|
|Area of adaptation||All tablelands and slopes areas of NSW, Riverina, Central West Plains and irrigated areas.|
|Min. average annual rainfall||400 mm (southern NSW) to 500 mm (northern NSW).|
|Soil requirements||Will grow well in very saline and waterlogged soils.|
|Sowing rate — in mixtures||Normally sown in mixtures at a rate of 1–3 kg/ha.|
|Sowing time||Dryland: Autumn
Irrigated: Late winter to early spring.
|Companion species||Sow generally in mixtures with tall wheatgrass and Palestine strawberry clover, except in very saline soils where it is best sown as a single species.|
|Major nutrient deficiencies||Superphosphate (or equivalent) at sowing is beneficial. Responsive to nitrogen once established.|
|Main insect pests||No significant problems.|
|Main diseases||No significant problems.|
|Management||Do not apply heavy grazing pressure, particularly when young. It is sensitive to set stocking. Grazing in the establishment year is not recommended. It is very slow to establish, particularly in tableland environments.|
|Livestock disorders of particular note||No problems reported.|
Saltland pastures in Australia — A practical guide, EG Barrett-Lennard & CV Malcolm, WA Department of Agriculture, 1995.
Advice on livestock health disorders was provided by Dr Chris Bourke, Principal Research Scientist, NSW Agriculture, Orange. His contribution is gratefully acknowledged.
Photo: Warren McDonald, Former Technical Specialist (Pastures), NSW Agriculture, Tamworth