Enterotoxaemia in cattle


Enterotoxaemia or pulpy kidney is an acute poisoning condition caused by the bacterium Clostridium perfringens type D. The bacterium multiplies in the intestine and produces a toxin that is absorbed into the body, eventually killing the infected animal.

Enterotoxaemia can affect cattle of all ages and is also seen in sheep, goats and other ruminants. The condition usually affects better conditioned animals. This Primefact discusses:

  • cause of enterotoxaemia
  • signs
  • diagnosis
  • treatment
  • control and prevention
  • enterotoxaemia and bloat
  • recommended 5-in-1 vaccination program for cattle.


Primefact 418 First Edition

Published: Feb 2007