Foot and mouth disease

Factsheet cover image
Factsheet Number: 1255    Edition: First edition    Released/reviewed: 01 Sep 2012
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is an acute, highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animals (ungulates). The disease is characterised by the formation of vesicles (fluid-filled blisters) and erosions in the mouth and nostrils, on the teats, and on the skin between and above the hoofs. FMD may cause serious production losses and is a major constraint to international trade in livestock and their products. It does not occur in Australia.

This factsheet covers the following topics:

  • Economic significance
  • What causes FMD?
  • Which species are affected?
  • What are the symptoms?
  • How long does the virus persist in the environment?
  • How is it spread?
  • Where does it occur in the world?
  • How would FMD get into Australia?
  • What action would occur if FMD was to occur?
  • Reporting possible FMD
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