Ecology and environmental assessment of fishing activities.
Gibbs P (2006) Ecology and environmental assessment of fishing activities. Pages 20–22 in: Forrest, R.E., Scandol, J.P. and Pitcher, T.J. (eds). "Towards ecosystem-based fishery management in New South Wales: Proceedings of the experts and data workshop, December 8–10, 2003, Cronulla, Australia". Fisheries Centre Research Reports 14(5): 124pp. University of British Columbia, Canada. ISSN 1198-6727.
The major commercial and non-commercial fisheries in NSW are grouped into management units based on the area fished (estuaries, beaches and open ocean) and the type of fishing gear used (e.g., mesh nets, hauling nets, traps, trawl nets). To incorporate the cumulative impact of effort by individual fishers on the environment, impact assessments were done at the fisheries management unit level (Estuary General, Estuary Prawn Trawl, Ocean Hauling, Ocean Trawl, Ocean Trap and Line, Lobster, Abalone and Freshwater Fish Stocking).
Historically, in fisheries science the sustainability of a fish stock has been based on traditional stock assessment modelling and focused around the commercial harvest. But ecological processes shape the fish community and are equally important as traditional stock assessments in predicting the sustainability of the fishery. This is especially true when the management outputs of the sustainability assessment are considered within an ESD framework.