There are 3 main global bodies that influence international climate policy and 2 of these are science organisations that synthesise scientific evidence to underpin policy.
The primary body that establishes global climate policy is the United Nations through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC
). Australia is a signatory to the UNFCCC.
The UNFCCC is informed by the scientific reports produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC
). The IPCC was created to provide policy makers with regular scientific assessments on climate change, its implications and potential future risks, as well as to put forward adaptation and mitigation options (IPCC homepage accessed 25 May 2021). The IPCC also produces guidelines used for national greenhouse gas inventory reporting.
IPCC reports are produced by large international teams of scientists from multiple disciplines. Their role is to synthesise the relevant scientific literature. NSW DPI scientists contribute to assessment reports and inventory guidelines, providing expertise on topics such as carbon accounting for wood products, mitigation through bioenergy and biochar, and integrated land use management.
The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO
) mandate/climate is a key provider of global climate data which inputs into the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as a key partner. They also provide interpretation of global climate trends.