Foot and mouth disease
Factsheet Number: 1255 Edition: First edition Released/reviewed: Sep 2012
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is an acute, highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animals (ungulates). The disease is characterised by the formation of vesicles (fluid-filled blisters) and erosions in the mouth and nostrils, on the teats, and on the skin between and above the hoofs. FMD may cause serious production losses and is a major constraint to international trade in livestock and their products. It does not occur in Australia.
This factsheet covers the following topics:
- Economic significance
- What causes FMD?
- Which species are affected?
- What are the symptoms?
- How long does the virus persist in the environment?
- How is it spread?
- Where does it occur in the world?
- How would FMD get into Australia?
- What action would occur if FMD was to occur?
- Reporting possible FMD