Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) field investigation


FMD cannot be differentiated from other vesicular diseases on clinical grounds alone. This document summarises information on the collection of samples from all ruminant species and pigs.

Laboratory testing is used to confirm or exclude a clinical suspicion of FMD. It also provides information on the serotype and strain of FMD virus, which assists in the selection of an optimal vaccine and may assist in epidemiological investigations. Laboratory testing is also used to exclude other exotic vesicular diseases and may help to identify an alternative diagnosis.

Topics in this Primefact include:

  • Laboratory testing for FMD
  • Biosecurity for field visits
  • Samples for FMD diagnostic testing
  • Selecting animals to sample
  • Swab transport media
  • Labelling of samples
  • Transport of FMD samples
  • Summary of samples and testing
  • Laboratory testing arrangements


Primefact 1412 Third Edition

Published: Jul 2022