These fish are laterally flattened bottom dwellers with both eyes on one side. They have distinct colouration with features such as spots, irregular blotches and lines sometimes present on one side of their body, with the other being pale. They lack a distinct tail and have a smaller mouth than flounder.
These fish range in total length from 27 cm to approimately 60 cm.
Various species inhabit NSW waters including the Black Sole, found throughout, as well as Lemon Tongue Sole found as far south as Sydney. They are commonly found in bays and estuaries on sandy or silty bottoms.
Sole are often misidentified as flounder.