|Pasture type and use||Mainly mixed with ryegrass, clover pastures. Persists with kikuyu pastures. Adapted to the wetter areas, dairies etc. on the coastal and inland slopes and plains.|
|Area of adaptation||Coastal and wetter areas of slopes and plains.|
|Min. average annual rainfall||750 mm adapted to summer-dominant rainfall areas.|
|Soil requirements||Prefers heavy clays. Persists in areas of poorer drainage.|
|Sowing rate||3–5 kg/ha|
|Sowing time||Mid-October to March.|
|Companion species||White clover / red clover.|
|Major nutrient deficiencies||Nitrogen|
|Main insect pests||No significant problems.|
|Management||It is accepted as a naturalised self-regenerating summer grass. It is rarely sown. Tends to invade ryegrass, clover pastures. It can also survive with kikuyu.
Maintain stocking pressure from December to March. It flowers from mid-January to March/April. Regular slashing or mulching is critical in maintaining feed quality.
|Livestock disorders of particular note||Nervous ergotism (‘staggers’).|
Advice on livestock health disorders was provided by Dr Chris Bourke, Principal Research Scientist, NSW Agriculture, Orange. His contribution is gratefully acknowledged.