|Pasture type and use||Perennial legume with main growth in spring, summer and autumn. Useful in saline and waterlogged conditions in mixtures with salt-tolerant grasses.|
|Area of adaptation||Hunter, Metropolitan, all slopes and tableland areas of NSW, and irrigated areas.|
|Min. average annual rainfall||600 mm (southern NSW) to 650 mm (northern NSW).|
|Soil requirements||Strawberry clover will grow in waterlogged, saline and alkaline soils.|
Grasslands Onward *
Grasslands Upward *
* Denotes that this variety is protected by Plant Breeder’s Rights.
|- as only species||Not irrigated: 1–2 kg/ha
Irrigated: 2–4 kg/ha
|- in mixtures||0.5–1 kg/ha|
|Sowing time||Sow in autumn for dryland, or autumn or spring for irrigated.|
|Companion species||Compatible with saline-tolerant grasses, tall wheatgrass and puccinellia, as well as pasture species white clover, perennial ryegrass, phalaris, tall fescue and paspalum.|
|Major nutrient deficiencies||Phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, molybdenum.|
|Main insect pests||Redlegged earth mite and blue oat mite, particularly during establishment. Few other insects have caused economic loss.|
|Main diseases||No major diseases of economic importance.|
|Management||Strawberry clover will withstand heavy continuous grazing once the plants have developed strong runners and the sward is properly established. Plants should be allowed to flower and set seed in the first season to ensure a bank of seed to thicken the stand in subsequent years.
Grazing pressure on a mixed pasture containing strawberry clover should be such that the clover remains at 30% of the total composition.
|Livestock disorders of particular note||Infertility sometimes due to oestrogenic compounds; bloat in cattle; urinary calculi (clover stones) incidence may increase in sheep; occasionally red gut in sheep.|
The contributions of Andrew Wooldridge (Cowra) and Alan Nicholson (Wellington), from the NSW Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources, are gratefully acknowledged.
Advice on livestock health disorders was provided by Dr Chris Bourke, Principal Research Scientist, NSW Agriculture, Orange. His contribution is gratefully acknowledged.
Photo: Mary-Anne Lattimore, NSW Agriculture, Yanco.