Ahead of the NSW state election on 25 March 2023, the NSW Government caretaker period has commenced. Limited updates will be made to this website during this period.

Southern Purple Spotted Gudgeon


The Southern Purple Spotted Gudgeon is a small-bodied freshwater fish native to Australia.

Two populations of Southern Purple Spotted Gudgeon occur in NSW; an eastern population found in coastal catchments north of the Clarence River, and a western population found throughout the Murray-Darling Basin.

They live amongst weeds, rocks and snags in rivers, streams and billabongs, where they feed on small fish, insect larvae, worms, tadpoles and some plant matter.

While once abundant and widely distributed, populations of Southern Purple Spotted Gudgeon have now declined to the extent that they are listed as an endangered species in NSW.

This illustrated Primefact includes information on the following:

  • Description of the Southern Purple Spotted Gudgeon
  • Habitat and ecology
  • Why is it threatened?
  • Conservation and recovery actions
  • Captive breeding and reintroduction
  • Legal implications
  • Further information


Primefact 1275 Second Edition

Published: Jul 2017