Table E1 shows the digestibility, metabolisable energy, percentage crude protein, and total nitrogen for various types of feed:
|Feed type (leaf)||Digestibility (%)||Energy (ME)||Crude protein (%)||Total N (%)|
Studies in Cowra and Adelong (NSW DPI) have shown that chicory is well suited to finishing lambs to 'elite' specifications (see Table E2). Lamb growth rates on chicory equalled or exceeded those achieved on lucerne. Similar results have been reported for cattle and deer.
New Zealand experience has shown that a diet dominant in Puna chicory (>50%) can cause milk tainting. Currently, taint-free varieties of chicory are being selected as alternatives for dairy production. So far there has been no evidence, from experiments carried out in Australia, that chicory taints meat.
Table E2 compares liveweight gain, carcase weight, and fat depth and score for lambs grazing on chicory pasture and lucerne pasture.
|Liveweight gain||Carcase weight||Fat depth (& score)||Liveweight gain||Carcase weight||Fat depth (& score)|
|Group I: 15-9-1992 to 4-11-1992|
|Cryptorchids||312||25.0||14.5 (2)||248||23.2||12.0 (2)|
|Ewes||194||22.2||16.2 (3)||183||21.9||14.9 (2)|
|Group II: 6-11-1992 to 3-1-1993|
|Cryptorchids||243||22.0||12.6 (2)||233||21.8||12.3 (2)|
|Ewes||190||19.7||13.4 (2)||180||20.2||13.6 (2)|
|Group III: 7-1-1993 to 11-2-1993(a)|
|Group IVa: 19-9-1993 to 18-10-1993|
|Group IVb: 18-10-1993 to 30-11-1993|
(a) Lambs were removed from plots early due to disease incidence, and hence other measurements were not taken.
Always read the label
Users of agricultural (or veterinary) chemical products must always read the label and any Permit before using the product, and strictly comply with the directions on the label and the conditions of any Permit. Users are not absolved from compliance with the directions on the label or the conditions of the permit by reason of any statement made or omitted to be made in this publication.
Pasture improvement may be associated with an increase in the incidence of certain livestock health disorders. Livestock and production losses from some disorders is possible. Management may need to be modified to minimise risk. Consult your veterinarian or adviser when planning pasture improvement.
The Native Vegetation Conservation Act 1997 restricts some pasture improvement practices where existing pasture contains native species. Inquire through your office of the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources (DIPNR).
For further information on chicory, see the other parts of Agfact P2.5.40: