Salmonellosis is caused by many serotypes of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica which are typically host specific. For example Salmonella enterica serovar Dublin (Salmonella Dublin) and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (Salmonella Typhimurium) cause infection in cattle and sheep. Transmission is generally by the oral route. The bacteria colonize the gut, penetrate the intestinal wall and multiply in the cells of the monocyte-macrophage line in the spleen and liver. Salmonella then re-enter the gut from where they are shed.

Diagnosis and tests available


Diagnosis is suggested by clinical signs, histopathology and necropsy findings and confirmed by bacterial culture.

Serum samples from cattle or sheep may be tested by the serum agglutination test (SAT) for Salmonella Dublin or Salmonella Typhimurium.

Tests available


Sample(s) required

Days of the week test is conducted

Turnaround time1

Salmonella Group-D Antibody ELISA

Clotted blood (red top tube)

Monday to FridayUp to 5 working days (1-2 weeks notice is required before submitting samples)


Fixed tissue

Monday to Friday

Up to 5 days

Selective enrichment culture for Salmonella

Fresh tissue or faeces2, or environmental samples

Monday to Saturday

3 - 7 working days3

Salmonella SAT

(Salmonella Dublin, Salmonella Typhimurium)

Clotted blood (red top tube)

Wednesday & Thursday

Up to 5 days

1 Turnaround times are provided as a guide only. For specific information about your submission please contact Customer Service.
2 Minimum of 10g of faeces required per animal (ruminants) for export or health testing.
34 - 7 working days for export, health testing or environmental samples

Specimen requirements

Blood (without anti-coagulant)

  • 10 ml of blood collected from live animals into a plain red top tube
    • Submit chilled


  • Faecal samples can be submitted from live animals
    • Submit chilled
    • minimum of 10 grams required per animal (ruminants) for export of health testing

Fixed tissue

  • Sections of liver, kidney, lung, spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes, small and large intestine.
    • Submit fixed in neutral buffered formalin at a 10:1 ratio of formalin:tissue

Fresh tissue

  • Portions of liver, kidney, lung, bile, spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes and small intestinal contents collected from dead animals
    • Submit chilled