Panama disease is a fungal disease that kills banana plants. It cannot be eradicated and can put banana farmers out of business.
Panama disease invades plants through the roots and blocks the vascular tissue, cutting off the supply of water and nutrients.
Banana plants of all ages are susceptible. Dead plants leave behind spores that will infect any future plantings.
This Primefact discusses the problem, the various races, managing the risk, and resistant varieties.