Forestry legislation is designed to ensure the conservation and sustainable management of forests. The laws cover planning and review, public participation, and the regulation of forest management activities in multiple-use public forests, public nature conservation reserves and private and leasehold forests.
The management and regulatory oversight of forestry operations in NSW is undertaken in accordance with the following legislative and policy framework.
Timber harvesting carried out on state forests, timber reserves and other Crown-timber lands (which includes some leasehold tenures) is authorised by the Forestry Corporation of NSW (a state-owned corporation) under the Forestry Act 2012. Operations are licensed through Integrated Forest Operations Approvals which are regulated for environmental compliance by NSW Environment Protection Authority.
(freehold and leasehold land, other than leases which are Crown-timber lands)
The Native Vegetation Act 2003 regulates the harvesting of native vegetation for the purposes of private native forestry on freehold land and on leases that are not Crown-timber leases. Harvesting activities are authorised through private native forestry property vegetation plans which are issued and regulated by the NSW Environment Protection Authority.
Plantation forestry involves the establishment and management of planted forests for environmental purposes and or commercial timber production. Plantation establishment and forestry operations on both Crown Land (including state forests) and freehold land are regulated by the Plantations and Reafforestation Act 1999, and the Plantations and Reafforestation Regulation (Code) 2001. The Department of Industry, Lands & Forestry Division has responsibility for authorising plantations, and for auditing plantation establishment and forest operations for compliance.
Find out more about plantation forestry.